DavidAllen

David Allen
  • Born
    July 19, 1920 in Hartford, Connecticut

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Jack Teagarden, Van Alexander, Paul Martell, Bob Chester, Henry Jerome, Freddie Slack, Boyd Raeburn

Vocalist David Allen is best remembered for his work on Boyd Raeburn’s adventurous Innovations album in 1946. Born into a musical family, his father played the french horn and his mother sang. Allen left high school to begin his career as a professional singer on Hartford radio station WTHT, later singing on other stations and in local orchestras before landing a job with Jack Teagarden’s orchestra in 1940.

In August 1941, Allen received his draft notice. He served in an Army medical detachment in North Africa during the war, where he was wounded and discharged in March 1943 with a purple heart and 60% disability. Returning to the States, he found work with Van Alexander in early 1943 and Paul Martell later that year before joining Bob Chester’s band in May 1944. He left Chester after a few months to sing with Henry Jerome’s swing orchestra followed by Freddy Slack’s band. He sang at radio stations WHN and WNEW as well. In April 1945, he joined Raeburn, recording on the band’s Innovations album in early 1946. He also recorded four sides solo on the Atomic label that year.

During this time, Allen began to spell his name David Allyn to distinguish himself from the myriad of other singing David Allens in the business. He was only partially successful in this respect. The trade press and record companies continued to use the original spelling as often as they did the new version.

Allen suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder after the war. His symptoms gradually worsened, and he began seeing things and hearing voices. He alienated his friends and associates, causing his career to suffer. Realizing that he was in trouble, he turned to the Veterans’ Administration hospital in Brooklyn, spending much of 1947 there under treatment. The hospital discharged him in October of that year, and he moved to California to live with his sister.

Allen also suffered from a drug problem, having begun to take morphine to calm himself during the war. He avoided drug use upon his discharge until early 1947 when his PTSD symptoms worsened. After he left the hospital, he stayed away from the music business, fearful of getting involved in drugs again. He turned down an offer from Harry James and instead worked in gas stations and factories. In the summer of 1948, though, he began using heroine.

Returning to music, Allen found work singing in nightclubs and signed a record contract with the Discovery label in 1949. In 1950, he joined Art Mooney’s orchestra. He managed to kick heroine for a while, but his addiction soon returned, and he began to spiral downward. His career imploded, and he resorted to passing fake checks to earn a living. Caught in New York in 1955, he was sentenced to 2-3 years for grand larceny in the second degree. He served time at both Sing Sing prison and the infamous Clinton prison in Dannemora, described as the “Siberia of New York.”

Allen turned his life around while incarcerated, and upon his parole in May 1957 he came out ready to get back to work as a singer. Old friends in the industry welcomed his return, and he earned a recording contract with the World Pacific label, on which he released an album of Jerome Kern tunes backed by Johnny Mandel’s orchestra. The album sold well, leading to appearances on television. His return to singing in New York was briefly stymied by police refusing to issue him a cabaret license due to his criminal records, a problem that caused various local officials and music personalities to rally to his cause. Allen’s career stayed strong into the 1970s.

Music

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Sources

  1. Simon, George T. The Big Bands. 4th ed. New York: Schirmer, 1981. Print.
  2. The Online Discographical Project, n.d. Web. 26 Jul. 2015.
  3. “Vaudeville Reviews: Earle, Philadelphia.” Billboard 4 Dec. 1943: 21. Print.
  4. “Music Grapevine.” Billboard 27 May 1944: 14. Print.
  5. “Chester a Swooner.” Billboard 30 Sep. 1944: 21. Print.
  6. “Music as Written.” Billboard 21 Apr. 1945: 21. Print.
  7. “Record Reviews.” Billboard 13 Apr. 1946: 132. Print.
  8. “Reviews of New Records.” Billboard 18 May 1946: 34. Print.
  9. “On the Stand: Art Mooney.” Billboard 27 May 1950: 36. Print.
  10. “Record Reviews.” Billboard 29 Oct. 1949: 41. Print.
  11. “3 New Singers Sign Up with World Pacific.” Billboard 2 Dec. 1957: 17. Print.
  12. “David Allen.” Billboard 24 Mar. 1958: 17. Print.
  13. “Talented Singer Seeks Road Back from Drugs, Prison.” The Milwaukee Sentinel 25 Jan. 1959: 4-C. Print.

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